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80NSSC20K0163 - HERE, WE AIM TO IMPROVE WEST AFRICAN CLIMATE INFORMATION SERVICES BY CO-DEVELOPING A 21ST CENTURY AGRO-PASTORAL WATER DEFICIT PREDICTION SYSTEM (21CAWDPS), WITH SERVIR S WEST AFRICA HUB AGRICULTURE HYDROLOGY AND METEOROLOGY (AGRHYMET) AND THE AFRICAN CENTRE OF METEOROLOGICAL APPLICATION FOR DEVELOPMENT (ACMAD). SPECIFICALLY, THE PROPOSED WORK SEEKS TO IMPROVE: 1. AGRICULTURAL AND RANGELAND PRODUCTIVITY, 2. AGRO-PASTORAL WATER USAGE, 3. TRANSHUMANT MOVEMENT MANAGEMENT IN WEST AFRICA. THIS GOAL WILL BE ACHIEVED BY MODERNIZING THE EXISTING AGRO-PASTORAL WD MONITORING SYSTEM USING STATE-OF-THE-ART, PUBLICLY AVAILABLE NASA SATELLITE OBSERVATIONS, AND THEN INTEGRATING THEM WITH SUB-SEASONAL CLIMATE FORECASTS FROM NASA S GEOS MODEL AND OTHER NORTH AMERICAN MULTIMODEL ENSEMBLE (NMME) SUBX MODELS. THE CLIMATE UPDATE AND EXPECTED IMPACTS ON AGRICULTURE AND RANGELAND, AND AGRO-PASTORAL WATER WILL BE COMMUNICATED THROUGH BI-WEEKLY BULLETINS IN FRENCH AND ENGLISH, AND FORECAST DATA WILL BE PROVIDED THROUGH SERVIR'S CLOUD BASED PLATFORMS. IN SO DOING THIS WORK DIRECTLY ADDRESS THE PRIMARY 'WEATHER AND CLIMATE' THEMATIC AREA NEED, TO LINK IN SUB-SEASONAL TO SEASONAL FORECASTS FOR IMPROVED WATER AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY. THE PROPOSED WORK WILL BUILD UPON PAST NASA AND SERVIR SUPPORTED PROJECTS AND WILL EMPOWER CLIMATE SERVICES BY AGRHYMET, ACMAD AND THEIR PARTNERS. SPECIFIC DECISIONS THAT THE PROPOSED EFFORT TARGETS ARE RELATED TO TYPE AND TIMING OF CROP PLANTING, FOOD STORAGE AND TRADE, FOOD INSECURITY RELIEF EFFORTS, FARMERS AND PASTURE LIVELIHOOD, AND PASTORALISTS AND HEARD MOVEMENTS. CLIMATE-INFORMED AND SEAMLESS AND REGULAR AVAILABILITY OF THE FORECASTS OF AGRICULTURE, RANGELAND, AND WATER PRODUCTIVITY WILL HELP THE DECISION MAKERS (E.G. REGIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL AGENCIES, AND NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS) PLAN TO MITIGATE ADVERSE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND CHANGE IN PLANNING FOR THE AFOREMENTIONED DECISIONS. IN THE LONG-TERM, THE INTEGRATION OF SUB-SEASONAL CLIMATE FORECASTS WITH THOSE DECISIONS WILL IMPROVE WEST AFRICA S RESILIENCE AND WILL BETTER EQUIP IT FOR CLIMATE ADAPTATION. THE PROPOSED WORK IS HIGHLY RELEVANT TO THE GOALS OF NASA S STRATEGIC PLAN, NASA EARTH SCIENCE S GOALS, AND SERVIR S OVERARCHING GOAL. THE PRIMARY GOAL OF THIS PROPOSED WORK IS TO IMPROVE AGRICULTURAL AND RANGELAND PRODUCTIVITY, AND AGRO-PASTORAL WATER AND TRANSHUMAN MOVEMENT MANAGEMENT IN WEST AFRICA BY FACILITATING THE INTEGRATION OF SUB-SEASONAL SCALE CLIMATE FORECASTS IN THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS. IN DOING SO, THE PROPOSED WORK ADDRESSES ONE OF THE PRIMARY OBJECTIVES OF THE NASA DECADAL SURVEY (2017), WHICH IS REDUCING CLIMATE UNCERTAINTY AND INFORMING SOCIETAL RESPONSE. THIS PROPOSAL ALSO DIRECTLY ADDRESSES ONE OF THE SCIENCE GOALS OF THE NASA EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE TO FURTHER THE USE OF EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE RESEARCH TO INFORM DECISIONS AND PROVIDE BENEFITS TO SOCIETY. THE PROPOSAL TEAM IS COMPRISED OF EARLY TO MID-CAREER RESEARCHERS WITH EXTENSIVE EXPERIENCE IN SUPPORTING APPLIED DECISION MAKING IN AFRICA (AND IN CONUS) BY INTEGRATING SATELLITE AND FORECAST INFORMATION. THE TEAM HAS ABILITY TO LEVERAGE ONGOING SUPPORT FROM USAID AND THE USGS TO PROVIDE COMMITTED STAFF HOSTED AT AGRHYMET (DR. ALKHALIL ADOUM) AND EXTENSIVE SCIENCE COMPUTING FACILITIES PROVIDED BY THE CLIMATE HAZARDS CENTER. THE TEAM OVERALL ALSO HAS INTERMEDIATE-HIGH FRENCH LANGUAGE FLUENCY. A GSR (BLAKELY) AND CO-PI (DR. GRACE) ARE FLUENT IN FRENCH, TWO PIS PROFICIENT IN FRENCH (DR. FUNK AND SHUKLA) AND COLLABORATOR DR. ADOUM IS A NATIVE FRENCH SPEAKER.
Grant for Research
Contractor
University of California (UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA BARBARA)
Contracting Agency/Office
National Aeronautics and Space Administration»Mission Support Directorate»NASA Shared Services Center
Effective date
11/13/2019
Obligated Amount
$235.2k
80NSSC20K0133 - OUR PROPOSED EFFORT USES CLOUDSAT+CALIPSO OBSERVATIONS TO MAKE FUNDAMENTAL ADVANCES IN OUR UNDERSTANDING OF POLAR CLOUD AND PRECIPITATION PROCESSES AND UNDERSTANDING OF THE DETECTABILITY AND RELIABILITY OF CLIMATE CHANGE SIGNALS.
Grant for Research
Contractor
University of Colorado (REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO, THE)
Contracting Agency/Office
National Aeronautics and Space Administration»Mission Support Directorate»NASA Shared Services Center
Effective date
11/08/2019
Obligated Amount
$18.2k
80NSSC19K0978 - CLOUDS HAVE A MAJOR INFLUENCE ON THE ENERGY BUDGET OF THE RAPIDLY CHANGING ARCTIC, BUT MODELS DO NOT REPRODUCE ARCTIC CLOUD PROPERTIES WELL, IN PART BECAUSE OF POORLY UNDERSTOOD PROCESSES SUCH AS AEROSOL-MEDIATED FREEZING. MARINE AEROSOLS IN PARTICULAR HAVE AN IMPORTANT IMPACT ON ARCTIC CLOUD PROPERTIES, BEING A LARGE REGIONAL SOURCE OF CLOUD CONDENSATION NUCLEI (CCN) AND ICE NUCLEATING PARTICLES (INPS). HOWEVER, MANY KEY FACTORS IN MARINE AEROSOLS AND THEIR INTERACTIONS WITH CLOUDS ARE NOT WELL UNDERSTOOD. OUR TEAM AIMS TO ADDRESS TWO CENTRAL QUESTIONS: 1) WHAT CONTROLS MARINE AEROSOL EMISSIONS OVER THE ARCTIC, AND 2) TO WHAT EXTENT DO RADIATIVELY IMPORTANT ARCTIC CLOUD PROPERTIES CORRELATE WITH PROXIES FOR MARINE BIOLOGICALLY DERIVED AEROSOLS? TO ANSWER THE ABOVE QUESTIONS, WE WILL USE MODEL OUTPUT FROM TWO WIDELY USED PRODUCTS: THE FLEXIBLE PARTICLE DISPERSION MODEL (FLEXPART) AND THE MODERN-ERA RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS FOR RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS, VERSION 2 (MERRA-2) REANALYSIS. WE WILL ALSO USE CLOUD AND AEROSOL REMOTE SENSING DATA FROM THE MODERATE RESOLUTION IMAGING SPECTRORADIOMETER (MODIS), MULTIANGLE IMAGING SPECTRORADIOMETER (MISR), AND CLOUD-AEROSOL LIDAR AND INFRARED PATHFINDER SATELLITE OBSERVATION (CALIPSO) AND CLOUDSAT DATASETS, AND OTHER ANCILLARY REMOTE SENSING AND FIELD DATASETS (E.G., FROM NASA S NORTH ATLANTIC AEROSOLS AND MARINE ECOSYSTEMS STUDY (NAAMES) CAMPAIGN). WE HAVE THREE MAIN OBJECTIVES: 1) BETTER VALIDATING FLEXPART MODEL AND MERRA-2 REANALYSIS AEROSOL TRANSPORT OVER THE ARCTIC USING CALIPSO AND MISR, FOCUSING ON DUST AND COMBUSTION AEROSOLS. VALIDATION FOR THESE PRODUCTS FOR THE CURRENT APPLICATION IS INCOMPLETE, EVEN THOUGH THEY ARE OFTEN THE ONLY WAY TO IDENTIFY CLEAN FROM POLLUTED AEROSOL CONDITIONS IN THE CLOUDY AND SPARSELY SAMPLED ARCTIC. THEREFORE, THIS IS A FIRST CRITICAL FIRST STEP IN UNDERSTANDING AEROSOL-CLOUD INTERACTIONS. 2) UNDERSTANDING THE FACTORS CONTROLLING MARINE AEROSOL OPTICAL DEPTH (AOD), CCN, AND INP LEVELS. LEVERAGING MODIS, NEW MISR CAPABILITIES, AND A SERIES OF RECENT FIELD STUDIES, WE WILL IDENTIFY AND QUANTIFY THE FACTORS DRIVING ARCTIC AOD LEVELS, AND CCN AND INP EMISSIONS ON COMMONLY OBSERVED MARINE-AEROSOL-DOMINATED DAYS. THIS STUDY WILL BE THE MOST COMPREHENSIVE STUDY OF THIS TYPE TO DATE, AND WILL LEAD TO BETTER PREDICTION OF THESE ATMOSPHERIC COMPONENTS IN REMOTE REGIONS, REDUCED UNCERTAINTY IN FUTURE CHANGES TO CLOUDS AND THE ARCTIC ENERGY BUDGET, AND MORE TARGETED FUTURE FIELD STUDIES. 3) QUANTIFYING HOW PHYTOPLANKTON BLOOMS AND WAVE-GENERATED MARINE AEROSOL IMPACT CLOUD PROPERTIES. WE WILL COMPARE LOW, LIQUID CONTAINING ARCTIC CLOUD PROPERTIES IN BLOOM AND NON-BLOOM REGIONS USING A LARGE REMOTE SENSING DATASET, FLEXPART AND MERRA-2 AEROSOL OUTPUT, AND OUR TEAM S PREVIOUSLY DEVELOPED METHOD FOR REDUCING UNCERTAINTY FROM CONFOUNDING METEOROLOGICAL CO-VARIABILITY SIGNALS. THIS APPROACH WILL PROVIDE THE MOST RELIABLE REGIONAL ESTIMATE OF THESE IMPACTS TO DATE. THIS WORK WILL BETTER CONSTRAIN THE FACTORS AFFECTING THE EMISSIONS AND CLOUD IMPACTS OF MARINE ARCTIC AEROSOLS, ULTIMATELY ENABLING A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF HOW ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES WILL IMPACT THE FUTURE ARCTIC. THE EFFORT IS RESPONSIVE TO THE NASA ROSES NRA (A.19) ATMOSPHERIC COMPOSITION: MODELING AND ANALYSIS PROGRAM S INTEREST IN CHEMISTRY/CLIMATE INTERACTIONS. SPECIFICALLY, IT WOULD LEVERAGE AN INTEGRATED OBSERVATION STRATEGY TO ENABLE BETTER UNDERSTANDING THE FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO CLOUD CONDENSATION NUCLEI AND ICE NUCLEATING PARTICLE FORMATION IN THE ATMOSPHERE, AND SUBSEQUENT IMPACTS ON CLOUDS AND THEIR RADIATIVE EFFECTS. THE FINDINGS WILL PROVIDE NEW INSIGHTS ON WHAT CONTROLS THE INTERANNUAL ARCTIC OCEAN CLOUD VARIABILITY, AND HOW CHANGES TO EMISSIONS AND ECOSYSTEMS WILL IMPACT FUTURE ARCTIC OCEAN CLOUDS.
Grant for Research
Contractor
University of Maryland (UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND)
Contracting Agency/Office
National Aeronautics and Space Administration»Mission Support Directorate»NASA Shared Services Center
Effective date
11/08/2019
Obligated Amount
$72.7k
95170020P0009 - ORACLE CLOUD INFRASTRUCTURE - ARCHIVE STORAGE
Purchase Order - 541519 Other Computer Related Services
Contractor
Mythics (MYTHICS, INC.)
Contracting Agency/Office
U.S. Agency for Global Media
Effective date
11/07/2019
Obligated Amount
$68.7k
75N98B20P00003 - PURCHASE OF CLOUD HOSTING AND STORAGE SUBSCRIPTION NEEDED TO MAINTAIN THE EYEGENE SERVER.
Purchase Order - 518210 Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services
Contractor
PROJECT TEAM SOLUTIONS, INC. (SOLUTION GUIDANCE CORPORATION)
Contracting Agency/Office
Health and Human Services»National Institutes of Health
Effective date
11/06/2019
Obligated Amount
$8k
80NSSC20K0086 - MID-LATITUDE CLOUDS AND PRECIPITATION ARE STRONGLY MODULATED BY SYNOPTIC SCALE CIRCULATIONS AND IN PARTICULAR BY EXTRATROPICAL CYCLONES. IN THESE SYSTEMS, THEY TEND TO BE CONCENTRATED ALONG FRONTAL BOUNDARIES. AS CYCLONES EVOLVE, FRONTAL BOUNDARIES ALSO EVOLVE AND EVENTUALLY A THERMAL RIDGE CONNECTING THE PEAK OF THE WARM SECTOR TO THE CYCLONE CENTER DEVELOPS AND GROWS, A PROCESS KNOWN AS OCCLUSION. OCCLUSIONS CAN HAVE A DEVASTATING IMPACT OVER LAND AS THEY ARE ASSOCIATED WITH HEAVY SNOWFALL, AND OFTEN STRONG WINDS. ALTHOUGH THERE EXISTS AN EXTENSIVE LITERATURE ON THE SUBJECT OF OCCLUSIONS, LITTLE IS KNOWN ABOUT HOW THEIR 3D STRUCTURE AND FREQUENCY MIGHT CHANGE IN A CHANGING CLIMATE. PRESENT UNDERSTANDING SUGGESTS THAT THE 3D STRUCTURE ASSOCIATED WITH OCCLUSION IS FUNDAMENTALLY DEPENDENT UPON LATENT HEAT RELEASE, I.E. CLOUDS AND PRECIPITATION PLAY AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN THIS PROCESS, AND YET GENERAL CIRCULATION MODELS STILL HAVE DIFFICULTIES REPRESENTING THEM ADEQUATELY. BY USING A NEWLY DEVELOPED AUTOMATED OCCLUSION DETECTION TECHNIQUE, WHICH WE WILL APPLY TO NASA MERRA-2 REANALYSIS, WE PROPOSE TO CONSTRUCT TRANSECTS OF CLOUDS AND PRECIPITATION ACROSS THE OCCLUDED QUADRANT OF CYCLONES, USING CLOUDSAT PRECIPITATION AND COMBINED CLOUDSAT-CALIPSO CLOUD DETECTION PROFILE OBSERVATIONS. THIS WILL BE ACHIEVED USING A PROVEN COMPOSITING TECHNIQUE THAT HELPS ALLEVIATE THE SAMPLE SIZE LIMITATION ISSUES. OVER THE PAST DECADE OR SO, CLOUDSAT-CALIPSO OBSERVATIONS HAVE PROVIDED A WEALTH OF INFORMATION ON HOW CLOUDS AND PRECIPITATION ARE DISTRIBUTED ACROSS WARM AND COLD FRONTS AND THEIR SENSITIVITY TO THE SYNOPTIC SCALE CONDITIONS. WE PROPOSE TO ADD OCCLUDED STRUCTURES TO THIS CLIMATOLOGY OF FRONTAL CLOUDS AND PRECIPITATION. THIS 10+ YEARS GLOBAL CLIMATOLOGY WILL THEN BE USED TO EXPLORE THE SENSITIVITY OF CLOUD AND PRECIPITATION DISTRIBUTIONS IN OCCLUSIONS TO LARGE SCALE CONDITIONS, SUCH AS THE ENVIRONMENTAL MOISTURE IN THE WARM SECTOR, CLOSE TO THE SURFACE AND ALOFT, THE CYCLONE INTENSITY, AND THE PROPERTIES OF THE THERMAL RIDGE, ITS LENGTH AND THERMODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS. THESE RESULTS WILL PROVIDE AN OBSERVATIONAL REFERENCE FOR GLOBAL NUMERICAL MODELS EVALUATION. IN PARTICULAR, WE WILL EXPLORE WHETHER NASA MERRA-2 AND GISS-MODELE REPRESENT THE EVOLUTION OF CLOUD AND PRECIPITATION DURING THE OCCLUSION, AND THEIR SENSITIVITY TO THE LARGE SCALE ENVIRONMENT. THIS EVALUATION WILL IN TURN HELP US DETERMINE THE FUTURE FREQUENCY AND STRENGTH OF OCCLUDED EXTRATROPICAL CYCLONES IN A CHANGING CLIMATE. TO SUMMARIZE, THE PROPOSAL WILL ADDRESS THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS: 1) WHAT IS THE HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL DISTRIBUTION OF CLOUDS AND PRECIPITATION IN AND AROUND OCCLUDED THERMAL STRUCTURES, AND HOW DO CLOUDS AND PRECIPITATION VARY AS A FUNCTION OF CHANGES IN OCCLUSION PROPERTIES AND ENVIRONMENT? 2) CAN GCMS REPRODUCE THE FORMATION OF A CANONICAL OCCLUDED STRUCTURE GIVEN THAT SUCH FORMATION DEPENDS UPON LATENT HEATING THAT OCCURS AT SCALES THAT ARE NOT RESOLVED AT CURRENT MODEL RESOLUTION? CAN THEY REPRESENT CLOUDS AND PRECIPITATION IN OCCLUDED QUADRANTS AND THEIR SENSITIVITY TO THE LARGE SCALE ENVIRONMENT? THIS PROPOSAL WILL ADDRESS THE NRA A.30 CLOUDSAT AND CALIPSO SCIENCE TEAM RE-COMPETE REQUIREMENT THAT THE WORK GREATLY ENHANCES THE STATE OF ATMOSPHERIC AND CLIMATE SCIENCE THROUGH THE SUBSTANTIVE UTILIZATION OF CLOUDSAT AND CALIPSO BY CONDUCTING A PHENOMENOLOGICAL STUDY OF FUNDAMENTAL CLOUD AND PRECIPITATION PROCESSES AND EVOLUTION AND MORE SPECIFICALLY FOCUS ON HYDROLOGIC PROCESSES IN THE CONTEXT OF WEATHER AND CLIMATE VARIABILITY .
Grant for Research
Contractor
BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE UNIVER (UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN SYSTEM)
Contracting Agency/Office
National Aeronautics and Space Administration»Mission Support Directorate»NASA Shared Services Center
Effective date
11/05/2019
Obligated Amount
$100.2k
15JA0520P00000015 - ADOBE CREATIVE CLOUD LICENSE ANNUAL RENEWAL
Purchase Order - 541519 Other Computer Related Services
Contractor
SPARCO.COM (UNISTAR-SPARCO COMPUTERS, INC.)
Contracting Agency/Office
Justice»Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys
Effective date
11/01/2019
Obligated Amount
$4.7k
80NSSC19K0987 - CLOUD-RELEVANT AEROSOL CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS: OVERCOMING THE CLEAR SKY BIAS .A. CARLTON, UNIV. OF CALIFORNIA, IRVINE V. GHATE, ARGONNE NATIONAL LAB. .AT ANY GIVEN TIME, CLOUDS COVER ABOUT 60% OF EARTH S SURFACE. BOUNDARY LAYER CUMULUS CLOUDS ARE THE PRIMARY CHANNELS BY WHICH CHEMICALS FROM THE POLLUTED BOUNDARY LAYER ARE LOFTED TO THE FREE TROPOSPHERE. CUMULUS CLOUDS, A COLLECTION OF ATMOSPHERIC AQUEOUS PHASE REACTORS, SCAVENGE SOLUBLE GASES AND SUSTAIN OXIDATION REACTIONS YIELDING LOWER VOLATILITY PRODUCTS, WHICH CONTRIBUTE TO AND CHEMICALLY MODIFY, AEROSOL MASS ALOFT WHEN DROPLETS EVAPORATE. BOUNDARY LAYER CUMULUS REFLECT A GREATER AMOUNT OF SOLAR RADIATION BACK TO SPACE COMPARED TO THE UNDERNEATH LAND SURFACE. DESPITE THE ABUNDANCE AND IMPORTANCE OF CLOUDS, APPROACHES TO UNDERSTAND TROPOSPHERIC COMPOSITION GENERALLY HAVE A CLEAR SKY BIAS THAT HINDERS KNOWLEDGE OF AEROSOL PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES AND THEIR DISTRIBUTION DURING CLOUDY PERIODS. FOR EXAMPLE, ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AIRCRAFT CAMPAIGNS OFTEN AVOID CLOUDS. RETRIEVAL TECHNIQUES ARE SENSITIVE TO SCATTERING DUE TO CLOUDS, AND GENERALLY PROVIDE AEROSOL RADIATIVE PROPERTIES IN CLOUD-FREE REGIONS. AEROSOL WATER UPTAKE FOR A GIVEN CHEMICAL COMPOSITION INCREASES WITH INCREASING BOUNDARY LAYER RELATIVE HUMIDITY (RH), AND HIGHER RH RESULTS IN GREATER CUMULUS CLOUD COVER. HENCE, WHEN PARTICLE CHEMICAL PROPERTIES THAT GOVERN WATER UPTAKE ARE MOST CRITICAL, THEY ARE LEAST UNDERSTOOD. .THIS IS A KEY KNOWLEDGE GAP. .THROUGH THE PROPOSED WORK WE WILL EVALUATE THE RELATION OF CLOUDS TO THE PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF FINE PARTICLE MASS OVER THE U.S. USING AN INTEGRATED OBSERVATIONAL STRATEGY INVOLVING SPACE- AND SURFACE-BASED PLATFORMS IN ADDITION TO ATMOSPHERIC MODELING. WE SEEK TO UNDERSTAND TROPOSPHERIC FORMATION, PROPERTIES AND VERTICAL DISTRIBUTION OF AEROSOLS, AS WELL AS AEROSOL INTERACTION WITH CLOUDS. WE HYPOTHESIZE THAT PRIMARILY IN THE CENTRAL AND EASTERN U.S. A CLEAR SKY BIAS IN UNDERSTANDING OF ATMOSPHERIC COMPOSITION OBSCURES CYCLES IN AEROSOL HYGROSCOPICITY THAT INFLUENCE WATER UPTAKE IN WAYS IMPORTANT FOR REGIONAL RADIATION BUDGETS. THE SPECIFIC QUESTIONS THAT WILL HELP US TEST THE ABOVE HYPOTHESIS ARE: 1) HOW DO AEROSOL PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES DIFFER DURING CLOUDY AND CLEAR-SKY PERIODS OVER THE U.S.? AND 2) HOW DO THE VERTICAL PROFILES OF CLIMATE-RELEVANT RADIATIVE PROPERTIES OF TROPOSPHERIC FINE PARTICLE MASS VARY DURING CLOUDY AND CLEAR-SKY PERIODS IN THE CENTRAL AND EASTERN U.S.? .WE PROPOSE TO EMPLOY A COMBINATION OF NASA DATA PRODUCTS FROM MODIS, CALIPSO AND AERONET, SURFACE OBSERVATIONS FROM ROUTINE NETWORKS AND INTENSIVE FIELD CAMPAIGNS, IN ADDITION TO CLOUD CHEMISTRY MODELING WITHIN AN ATMOSPHERIC MODEL. WE FOCUS ON THE CENTRAL AND EASTERN U.S., UNIQUE LOCATIONS THAT EXPERIENCE A WIDE RANGE OF WEATHER PHENOMENA AND REMOTELY SENSED AEROSOL OPTICAL PROPERTIES. OUR OBJECTIVES ARE TO: 1) CHARACTERIZE PARTICLE HYGROSCOPICITY AND AEROSOL LIQUID WATER (ALW) CONTENT FROM THE SURFACE TO THE TOP OF THE BOUNDARY LAYER DURING CLOUDY AND CLEAR SKY PERIODS OVER THE U.S. FOR THE LAST ~20 YEARS, 2) CHARACTERIZE NGSTR M EXPONENTS DURING CLOUDY AND CLEAR SKY PERIODS TO EVALUATE AND DEVELOP DETAILED RADIATIVE ESTIMATION TECHNIQUES, 3) EXPLORE HOW INCLUSION OF DETAILED CLOUD CHEMISTRY CHANGES AEROSOL VERTICAL PROFILES AT LOCATIONS WHERE THE PREDICTED RADIATIVE IMPACTS CAN BE EVALUATED. .THIS PROPOSED RESEARCH DIRECTLY ADDRESSES NASA S STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 1.1 TO UNDERSTAND THE EARTH SYSTEM. THIS PROPOSAL DIRECTLY RESPONDS TO AREAS A AND B OF THE A19 SOLICITATION BY INVESTIGATING TROPOSPHERIC AIR QUALITY OVER THE PAST 20 YEARS WITH A FOCUS ON ALOFT COMPOSITION, INTERACTION WITH THE SURFACE AND RELATED SOURCE ATTRIBUTION . WE PROPOSE TO STUDY AEROSOL CHARACTERISTICS WITH RESPECT TO THEIR IMPACTS ON TROPOSPHERIC CHEMICAL PROCESSES, IN ADDITION TO UNDERSTANDING THE EFFECTS OF CLOUDS ON AEROSOL RADIATIVE PROPERTIES AND AS AN AQUEOUS MEDIUM FOR CHEMICAL REACTIONS. .
Grant for Research
Contractor
University of California (UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, IRVINE)
Contracting Agency/Office
National Aeronautics and Space Administration»Mission Support Directorate»NASA Shared Services Center
Effective date
10/31/2019
Obligated Amount
$49.8k
36C26320P0056 - ST. CLOUD VAMC BEDS FOR HOMELESS VETERANS
Purchase Order - 624229 Other Community Housing Services
Contractor
PLACE HOPE MINISTRY
Contracting Agency/Office
Veterans Affairs»Veterans Health Administration»VHA Medical Centers»VISN 23 - VA Midwest Health Care Network
Effective date
10/31/2019
Obligated Amount
$207.2k
80NSSC20K0132 - THE OUTCOME OF THIS PROJECT WILL BE AN IMPROVED UNDERSTANDING OF THE IMPACT OF AEROSOL-CLOUD INTERACTIONS ON DEEP CONVECTION, LIGHTNING FLASH RATES, AND LIGHTNING-NO PRODUCTION.
Grant for Research
Contractor
University of Maryland (UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND BALTIMORE COUNTY)
Contracting Agency/Office
National Aeronautics and Space Administration»Mission Support Directorate»NASA Shared Services Center
Effective date
10/31/2019
Obligated Amount
$16.9k
80NSSC20K0014 - ONE OF THE OVERARCHING GOALS OF NASA S CMS PROGRAM IS TO PROMOTE AND ENHANCE THE UTILITY OF ITS PRESENTLY AVAILABLE AND PLANNED SPACE BASED ASSETS FOR BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF OUR PLANET S CARBON CYCLE AND INTERACTIONS AMONG ITS ATMOSPHERIC, TERRESTRIAL AND AQUATIC CARBON COMPONENTS. AN ESSENTIAL REQUIREMENT OF THIS PROGRAM IS THAT SENSORS ABOARD THESE MISSIONS PROVIDE WELL CALIBRATED, LONG-TIME SERIES PRODUCTS OF THE HIGHEST QUALITY AND ACCURACY. FOR OCEAN ECOSYSTEMS, ACCURATE AND WELL-CHARACTERIZED BASIN AND GLOBAL SCALE MEASUREMENTS OF OCEANIC NET PRIMARY PRODUCTION (NPP) ARE CENTRAL TO UNDERSTANDING THE OCEAN CARBON CYCLE, AND THE ROLE AND RESPONSE OF OCEAN ECOSYSTEMS TO RISING CO2 LEVELS. DESPITE CONSIDERABLE PROGRESS, CURRENT SATELLITE OCEANIC NPP PRODUCTS CONTINUE TO BE BELEAGUERED BY LARGE UNCERTAINTIES, IN LARGE PART, BECAUSE MOST NPP MODELS RELY ON INPUTS THAT ARE BASED ON ONE-SIZE FITS- ALL ALGORITHMS. ADDITIONALLY, MOST BIOGEOCHEMICAL PROVINCE-BASED APPROACHES THAT ARE USED FOR SCALING-UP OF LIMITED SHIPBOARD MEASUREMENTS FROM LOCAL TO BASIN AND GLOBAL SCALES ARE COARSE IN THEIR RESOLUTION AND ARE INCAPABLE OF CAPTURING SUB-MESOSCALE OCEANOGRAPHIC FEATURES VISIBLE IN HIGHER-RESOLUTION SATELLITE IMAGERY. IN THIS STUDY, WE PROPOSE A WAY FORWARD TO IMPROVE SATELLITE BASED NPP MEASUREMENTS WITH ASSESSMENTS OF UNCERTAINTIES, THROUGH DEVELOPMENT OF A NOVEL BIO-OPTICAL MONITORING AND EVALUATION SYSTEM (BIOMES) THAT OFFERS A MORE SOPHISTICATED AND PRAGMATIC APPROACH FOR EXTENDING LOCAL SHIPBOARD MEASUREMENTS OF NPP TO REGIONAL AND BASIN SCALES. BIOMES RELIES ON AN OPTICAL- BIOGEOCHEMICAL CLASSIFICATION (O-BGC) SCHEME DEVELOPED BY US. IT USES MULTI-PLATFORM, MULTI-SENSOR SATELLITE DATA, MODEL OUTPUTS AND IN-SITU DATA TO PARTITION THE OCEANS INTO DYNAMIC PROVINCES THAT CAPTURE SUB-MESOSCALE FEATURES THAT ARE OFTEN OVERLOOKED AS SEPARATE BIOGEOCHEMICAL PROVINCES IN CURRENTLY USED APPROACHES. OUR PROPOSED STUDY WILL LEVERAGE OFF: 1) SEVERAL IN-SITU OPTICAL AND BIO-OPTICAL DATASETS INCLUDING NPP DATA COLLECTED BY OUR TEAM, AND BY OTHERS, AS PART OF PROGRAMS PREVIOUSLY SUPPORTED BY NASA, NOAA AND OTHER AGENCIES, 2) IN-SITU BIO-OPTICAL, PHYTOPLANKTON PHOTO-PHYSIOLOGY AND NPP DATA PLANNED FOR COLLECTION DURING OUR UPCOMING NOAA-VIIRS CAL/VAL CRUISES IN 2019 AND 2020, AS WELL AS DATA FROM THE EXPORTS-PHASE 1 CRUISES THAT HAVE MORE INTENSIVE NPP MEASUREMENT PLANS. OUR GOAL IS TO DEVELOP BIOMES AS A TEMPLATE FOR FUTURE OCEAN CARBON CYCLE STUDY CRUISES, ENSURING THAT EACH OCEANIC BIOGEOCHEMICAL PROVINCE DISCRIMINATED BY BIOMES IS ADEQUATELY SAMPLED. THIS IS AN ESSENTIAL STEP MOVING FORWARD FOR IMPROVING NPP ESTIMATES FROM SPACE. SATELLITE-BASED NPP AND OTHER PRODUCTS ACHIEVED BY THIS STUDY WITH ASSOCIATED UNCERTAINTY ASSESSMENTS WILL ALLOW FOR MORE ACCURATE ASSESSMENTS OF THE OCEANS ROLE IN THE GLOBAL CARBON CYCLE. ADDITIONAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO NASA CMS PROGRAM THAT WOULD RESULT FROM THIS STUDY ARE AS FOLLOWS: A) A COMPREHENSIVE COMPILATION OF MEASUREMENTS OF INHERENT OPTICAL PROPERTIES [IOPS, INCLUDING PHYTOPLANKTON ABSORPTION AND PARTICLE SCATTERING], B) A COMPILATION OF BIOGEOCHEMICAL STOCKS [PHYTOPLANKTON FUNCTIONAL TYPES (PFTS), PHYTOPLANKTON SIZE CLASSES (PSCS), PHYTOPLANKTON PIGMENTS], C) NPP AND PHOTO-PHYSIOLOGICAL RATE PARAMETERS, ACROSS A VARIETY OF ECOSYSTEM STATES, THAT WOULD BE VALUABLE FOR AUGMENTING NASA S SEAWIFS BIO-OPTICAL ARCHIVE STORAGE SYSTEM (SEABASS) AND FOR FINE-TUNING OF ALGORITHMS FOR NPP AND OTHER OCEAN COLOR STANDARD PRODUCTS AT RELEVANT MEASUREMENT SCALES APPLICABLE TO CURRENT (MODIS-AQUA, SNPP-VIIRS) AND FUTURE PLANKTON AEROSOLS CLOUD AND ECOSYSTEMS (PACE) NASA MISSIONS. OUR PLANNED STUDY IS RESPONSIVE TO NASA ROSES NNH18ZDA001N-CMS. OUR EVENTUAL PLAN IS TO ENSURE THAT THE FRAMEWORK FOR OBGC AND BIOMES ARE EASILY TRANSFERABLE TO OTHER OCEAN COLOR MISSIONS, AS AN EFFECTIVE MEANS TO GENERATE NPP. PIS GOES AND WEI ARE REQUESTING MEMBERSHIP IN THE CMS SCIENCE TEAM.
Grant for Research
Contractor
Columbia University (TRUSTEES OF COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY IN THE CITY OF NEW YORK, THE)
Contracting Agency/Office
National Aeronautics and Space Administration»Mission Support Directorate»NASA Shared Services Center
Effective date
10/23/2019
Obligated Amount
$250.8k
15JA2820P00000003 - 4 COPIES CREATIVE CLOUD FOR TEAMS ALL APPS WITH ADOBE STOCK MULTIPLE PLATFORMS TEAM LICENSING SUBSCRIPTION RENEWAL MONTHLY I USER LEVEL 1 1 - 9 (VIP ENROLL ID REQUIRED) *12 MONTHS 65291071BC01A12START DATE: 09/23/2019END DATE: 09/22/2020QUOT
Purchase Order - 541511 Custom Computer Programming Services
Contractor
SOFTWARE INFORMATION RESOURCE (SOFTWARE INFORMATION RESOURCE CORP.)
Contracting Agency/Office
Justice
Effective date
10/21/2019
Obligated Amount
$5.2k
36C26320C0032 - FIRE SPRINKLER PROTECTION.
Definitive Contract - 238220 Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors
Contractor
EXPRESS FIRE PROTECTION SERVICES, INC
Contracting Agency/Office
Veterans Affairs»Veterans Health Administration»VHA Medical Centers»VISN 23 - VA Midwest Health Care Network
Effective date
10/18/2019
Obligated Amount
$54.4k
20343220P00001 - GOOGLE APPS, CLOUD PLATFORM, AND CISCO CLOUDLOCK
Purchase Order - 541519 Other Computer Related Services
Contractor
ONIX NETWORKING CORP.
Contracting Agency/Office
Treasury»Bureau of the Fiscal Service
Effective date
10/09/2019
Obligated Amount
$27.3k
36C26320C0009 - STERIS STERLIZATION EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCEST. CLOUD VA MEDICAL CENTERBASE YEAR: 10-01-2019 TO 03-31-2020
Definitive Contract - 811219 Other Electronic and Precision Equipment Repair and Maintenance
Contractor
STERIS CORPORATION
Contracting Agency/Office
Veterans Affairs»Veterans Health Administration»VHA Medical Centers»VISN 23 - VA Midwest Health Care Network
Effective date
10/01/2019
Obligated Amount
$32.2k
36C26320C0004 - ELECTRICAL SYSTEM TESTING, INSPECTION, AND MAINTENANCE SERVICE FOR VA-STC HCS.
Definitive Contract - 541380 Testing Laboratories
Contractor
MDM CONSTRUCTION, LLC
Contracting Agency/Office
Veterans Affairs»Veterans Health Administration»VHA Medical Centers»VISN 23 - VA Midwest Health Care Network
Effective date
10/01/2019
Obligated Amount
$274.7k
15JUST20P00000149 - 341 MEETING ROOM RENTAL IN ST. CLOUD, MINNESOTA FOR FY 2019
Purchase Order - 712110 Museums
Contractor
STEARNS COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY, INC.
Contracting Agency/Office
Justice
Effective date
10/01/2019
Obligated Amount
$16.8k
47QFDA19C0008 - CLOUD MESSAGING PLATFORM FOR LOGINGOV
Definitive Contract - 541519 Other Computer Related Services
Contractor
TWILIO INC.
Contracting Agency/Office
General Services Administration»Federal Acquisition Service
Effective date
09/30/2019
Obligated Amount
$450k
80NSSC19K1648 - THIS PROPOSAL IS FOR THE PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR (PI) TO SERVE AS THE NASA EARTH OBSERVING SYSTEM (EOS) MODERATE RESOLUTION IMAGING SPECTRO-RADIOMETER (MODIS) SCIENCE TEAM LEADER. THE MODIS INSTRUMENT WAS DEVELOPED BY NASA AND LAUNCHED ONBOARD THE TERRA SPACECRAFT ON DECEMBER 18, 1999 AND AQUA SPACECRAFT ON MAY 4, 2002. AS THE MODIS SCIENCE TEAM LEADER (MSTL) THE PI, IN SUPPORT OF AND IN COLLABORATION WITH THE MODIS PROGRAM SCIENTIST AT NASA HEADQUARTERS AND THE MODIS PROJECT SCIENTIST AT GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER (GSFC), WILL PROVIDE SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL GUIDANCE AND OVERSIGHT FOR THE COLLECTIVE ACTIVITIES OF THE MO DIS SCIENCE TEAM COMPOSED OF OVER 59 PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATORS AS WELL AS THE MODIS SUPPORT TEAMS INCLUDING THE MODIS CHARACTERIZATION SUPPORT TEAM (MCST), THE SCIENCE DATA SUPPORT TEAM (SDST), AND THE MODIS ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT TEAM (MAST). THE PI WILL ALSO CONTINUE RESEARCH INVOLVING THE USE OF THE MODIS OBSERVATIONS FOR EARTH SCIENCE STUDIES WITH EMPHASIS ON THE CALIBRATION AND GENERAL INSTRUMENT PERFORMANCE OF THE MO DIS INSTRUMENTS AND THE USE OF MODIS OBSERVATIONS FOR OBSERVING THE GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF CLOUD OPTICAL AND MICROPHYSICAL PROPERTIES AND THEIR VARIATION WITH SPACE, TIME OF DAY (TERRA VS AQUA), AND TIME OF YEAR (SEASON). TO FURTHER COMPLEMENT AND AUGMENT THE ACTIVITIES JUST INDICATED, THE PI WILL WORK WITH EDUCATION AND OUTREACH PERSONNEL AT GSFC AND NASA HEADQUARTERS TO PUBLICIZE AND SUMMARIZE KEY MODIS SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS EFFORTS THAT SUPPORT NASA EARTH SCIENCE PROGRAMMATIC EFFORTS AND DESCRIBE THE BENE FITS OF THESE PROGRAMS AND PLANS FOR THE FUTURE. FURTHERMORE, THE PI WILL TAKE ACTIONS TO ENSURE INSOFAR AS POSSIBLE THAT MODIS REFERENCE DOCUMENTS SUCH AS THE MODIS WEB PAGE, MODIS ALGORITHM THEORETICAL BASIS DOCUMENTS (ATBDS), USER GUIDES, ETC., ARE KEPT CURRENT SO AS TO IMPROVE THE UTILITY OF THESE DOCUMENTS IN SUPPORTING USER COMMUNITY NEEDS FOR MOD IS INFORMATION.
Grant for Research
Contractor
University of Colorado (REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO, THE)
Contracting Agency/Office
National Aeronautics and Space Administration»Mission Support Directorate»NASA Shared Services Center
Effective date
09/30/2019
Obligated Amount
$290.6k
2033H619P00077 - NIST 800-53 CLOUD BASED ASSESSMENT TRAINING
Purchase Order - 611420 Computer Training
Contractor
INSYTE LLC
Contracting Agency/Office
Treasury»Bureau of the Fiscal Service
Effective date
09/30/2019
Obligated Amount
$17.4k

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